In earlier days, voting was simple but also easily manipulatable. The secret ballot votes/polling votes were bought, influenced or forced to tip the results in favour. Often, the count and accuracy of the votes were lost. However, with the advancement of technology electronic voting machines (EVMs) were introduced to outnumber misleading and unethical voting tactics.
Sooner, there were attempts in finding loopholes to destroy the e-voting systems. Since the efforts to tamper with e-voting systems went in vain, the governments of several countries are in relief. But, the question arises up-till when?
How long will it take the statutory bodies to identify that malicious practices like vote tampering through EVMs are not inevitable? And, to that, we need to implement ways to overcome this problem!
Fortunately, let’s just say, the situation can still be under control. And, fair voting can be implemented with an introduction of blockchain technology in the elections.
Surprised by the idea? Well, read more to know how this crypto-related technology can be implemented in the election.
How Can Blockchain Technology Help in Democratic Voting?
Blockchain Technology was introduced with the release of the world’s first crypto currency, Bitcoin. It sooner became a platform for safe and secure economic transactions without any scope for fraudulent activity.
Owing to its decentralized feature, blockchain technology is considered to be a perfect fit for conducting fair elections. Its combination of decentralized and cryptography feature would enable secure, transparent, and permanent storage of data.
In addition to this, the votes recorded using this technology will become irreversible and immutable. As a result, preventing any illegitimate voting and promoting unprecedented levels of trust. Simply put, the votes would become impossible to corrupt and elections un-fixable.
Why is Blockchain Technology Necessary for Democratic Voting?
Though the awareness for voting rights is on its prime, there are still some countries in which people are still unable to vote be it because of their colour or community. Certainly, the law is strict to abolish such nonsense practices, yet people suffer the harm.
One such incident includes bombing attack at a voter registration centre in Kabul, Afghanistan. This incident killed 13 people and wounded around 33 citizens who came for the registration. The bomb attack was a terrible reminder hinting that exercising the right to vote could be incredibly risky for the people.
Surely, in democratically stable countries, these types of incidents do not take place. However, it is a serious matter in many developing nations. Therefore, using blockchain technology for elections would not only help in conducting corruption-free voting but also could improve efficiency ten-fold with just the use of digital wallet.
Russia: The First Country to Adopt Blockchain Technology for Voting
To avoid any corruption and tampering in the presidential elections 2018, the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VCIOM) adopted blockchain technology for voting. In a press release, the officials stated it would be one of the best ways to conduct elections and march towards forming a democratic nation.
The officials also added, “post completion of the polling, they would have to shut down the whole site to prevent any distortion or tampering with the votes.” However, now with the use of blockchain technology, those DDOS and other hack-able attacks could be put to bed. Thus, it will lead to an increment in the security and transparency of the process.
It is needless to say, the future of blockchain technology in conducting democratic elections is bright. And, more importantly, very necessary. Countries like Estonia and Ireland are already on the go to implement this system for elections. It is expected that sooner other countries would also make use of this pioneering technology.
The blog is presented by Sharda University. Sharda University is one of the largest universities in Delhi National Capital Region (NCR) offering 216 varied programmes.